30 Sep Is there a difference between hemp and cannabis?
Is there a difference between hemp and cannabis?
No, because both have been called Cannabis Sativa L. from a botanical point of view since the classification of 1753, by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus.
Personally, in my language, hemp is often described as all plants with a THC content of <0.2%, e.g. all cannabis varieties. When I mention cannabis I always mean THC potent plants that can be used as medicine or intoxicants.
Currently 52 varieties of industrial hemp are approved for cultivation in the European Union. These varieties usually contain (below) <0.2% THC and are used for fibre production, as food or as a building material. There are differences within the EU in the authorised THC content of hemp varieties. In Italy, for example, up to 0.6% is allowed and in Austria up to 0.3%. Switzerland has taken a special position for some years now and even allows up to 1% THC, but there is also an increasing number of indoor and hybrid varieties for CBD production. If you want to know more information about the Swiss model, write me via Instagram.
The hemp plant is an annual crop and can be grown in almost any climate and soil. Depending on the variety, hemp plants grow between 1.50 metres and 6 or 7 metres high.
Let us take a look at the history of the hemp plant.
The historical use of hemp
Cannabis is said to have been the world’s most abundant crop from the first millennium B.C. until the second half of the last millennium, according to a wide variety of specialist literature. It was used to make fibres, lighting oils, paper, medicines and food.
Commercial hemp cultivation in Germany
In Germany, agricultural holdings have been allowed to grow hemp varieties again since 1996. Anyone who is happy about this must unfortunately be stopped immediately, because private individuals are liable to prosecution if they grow hemp or cannabis plants. To give you a feeling of how slowly hemp is finding its way back into German agriculture, I would like to give you some figures.
Let’s have a look at the last 9 years, the Federal Office for Agriculture and Food publishes an adjusted statistic every year.
In 2010 there were 148 farms and 1209 hectares
2011 – 96 farms and 527 hectares
2012 – 95 farms and 424 hectares
2013 – 86 farms and 437 hectares
2014 – 100 farms and 715 hectares
2015 – 145 farms and 1442 hectares
2016 – 188 farms and 1501 hectares
2017 – 282 farms and 2148 hectares
2018 – 392 holdings and 3114 hectares
2019 – 575 farms and 4508 hectares
Time to take responsibility
I personally like to go out on a limb and claim that hemp offers us the solution to many of our questions in today’s world.
Climate protection, sustainability, regionality – all this does not have to be empty marketing phrases any more.
We live in an exciting and ingenious time and have a responsibility for our earth which we cannot ignore lightly.
I wish that everyone starts on a small scale. I wish that our politics finally take responsibility!
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